“Lord Siva said “Oh, Parvati kindly hear from Me the glories of the Fourteenth Chapter of the Srimad Bhagwat Gita, with the greatest attention.
In Simhaldvip, there was a king of the name Vikram-Betual. One day, when he was going to the forest for hunting, he took his son and two hunting dogs along with him. When he reached the forest he released one dog to chase a rabbit. When that dog was chasing it, the rabbit looked as if it was flying. Running and running, that rabbit reached a beautiful hermitage, which was very peaceful. The deer were sitting happily under the shade of the trees. And the monkeys were joyfully eating the fruits of those trees. The cubs of the tigers were playing with the baby elephants, and the snakes were crawling over the peacocks. In this forest, the great sage Vatsa lived, who worshipped Lord Krishna by reciting the Fourteenth Chapter of the Srimad Bhagwat Gita. Near the ashram of sage Vatsa, one of his disciples was washing his feet while chanting the Fourteenth Chapter of Srimad Bhagwat Gita. The earth at that spot became wet. Just then that rabbit came running and slipped in the mud. Immediately that rabbit attained a heavenly body. An airplane came down, picked him up and took him off to the heavenly planets. After a moment, that dog arrived there in search of the rabbit, and he also slipped in the mud; gave up that dog body and attained a heavenly body and was also taken off to the heavenly planets.
Seeing all of this, the disciple of sage Vatsa started to laugh. King Vikram-Betal, having witnessed those amusing events inquired from that Brahmin, “How is it possible that the rabbit and dog went off to heaven in front of our eyes?” That Brahmin said, “in this forest, a great sage of the name Vatsa, who has completely conquered his senses, is always engaged in chanting the Fourteenth Chapter of the Srimad Bhagwat Gita. I am his disciple, and I am also by his grace always engaged in chanting the Fourteenth Chapter of the Srimad Bhagwat Gita. Due to that rabbit and dog after slipping in the mud, which had been made wet from the water, which had washed sage Vatsa’s feet, they both attained to the higher planets. Now I will tell you the reason why I was laughing; In Maharashtra, there is the town of the name Pratudhak. One Brahmin of the name Keshava had lived there. He was the most cruel of men. His wife’s name was Vilobbana. She was a very loose lady, who always enjoyed the company of other men. For this reason, her husband became very angry and killed her. In her next life she became that dog. And that Brahmin Keshava, due to his sinful activities became that rabbit.”
Lord Siva said, “After hearing the glories of the Fourteenth Chapter of Srimad Bhagwat Gita, King Vikram-Betal also began daily reciting the Fourteenth Chapter of Srimad Bhagwat Gita, when he gave up that body, he went to Vaikuntha where he was able to engage eternally in the service of the lotus-feet of Lord Vishnu.
So that is the greatness of chapter Fourteen of Bhagwat Gita.”
Chapter Fourteen of Bhagwat Gita is entitled "The Yoga of Classification of the three Gunas."
On the battle field of Kurukshetra, when Arjuna, the disciple of Lord Krishna got infatuated & forgot his duty to fight, then Lord Krishna reminded Arjuna of his duty to fight a lawful, justful war & gave him the teachings of Bhagwat Gita. Arjuna after having been taught in the path of knowledge by Lord Krishna came back to his path of duty & fought a lawful battle against the Kauravas (his enemies) & won the battle with the grace of Lord Krishna.
Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen (14) is entitled "The Yoga of Classification of the three Gunas." This Chapter has a total of 27 verses.
Verses 1 to 4 are about the glory of Knowledge; Evolution of the World from "Prakriti" and "Purusha" (Matter and Spirit).
Verses 5 to 18 are about the qualities of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas described.
Verses 19 to 27 are about the means of God-Realization, and marks of the soul who has transcended the Gunas.
To read complete Chapter Fourteen (14) Verse by Verse in Original Sanskrit Language Text & its English Translation......Click here to read...........Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen (Chapter-14)
Below are some verses from chapter Fourteen of Bhagwat Gita:
"mama yonir mahad brahma
tasmin garbham dadhamy aham
tato bhavati bharata" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 3)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, The total material substance, called Brahman, is the source of birth, and it is that Brahman that I impregnate, making possible the births of all living beings."
murtayah sambhavanti yah
tasam brahma mahad yonir
aham bija-pradah pita" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 4)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, It should be understood that all species of life, are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am the seed-giving father."
"sattvam rajas tama iti
dehe dehinam avyayam" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 5)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, Material nature consists of three modes—goodness, passion and ignorance. When the eternal living entity comes in contact with nature, he becomes conditioned by these modes."
"tatra sattvam nirmalatvat
jnana-sangena chanagha" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 6)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, the mode of goodness, being purer than the others, is illuminating, and it frees one from all sinful reactions. Those situated in that mode become conditioned by a sense of happiness and knowledge."
"rajo ragatmakam viddhi
tan nibadhnati kaunteya
karma-sangena dehinam" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 7)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, The mode of passion is born of unlimited desires and longings, and because of this, the embodied living entity is bound to material fruit producing actions."
"tamas tv ajnana-jam viddhi
tan nibadhnati bharata" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 8)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, know that the mode of darkness, born of ignorance, is the delusion of all embodied living entities. The results of this mode are madness, indolence and sleep, which bind the conditioned soul."
"sattvam sukhe sanjayati
rajah karmani bharata
jnanam avrtya tu tamah
pramade sanjayaty uta" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 9)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, the mode of goodness conditions one to happiness; passion conditions one to fruit producing action; and ignorance, covering one’s knowledge, binds one to madness."
"aprakaso ’pravrttis cha
pramado moha eva cha
tamasy etani jayante
vivrddhe kuru-nandana" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 13)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, When there is an increase in the mode of ignorance, then darkness, inertia, madness and illusion are manifested."
"yada sattve pravrddhe tu
pralayam yati deha-bhrt
amalan pratipadyate" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 14)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, When one dies in the mode of goodness, he attains to the pure higher planets of the great sages."
"rajasi pralayam gatva
tatha pralinas tamasi
mudha-yonisu jayate" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 15)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, When one dies in the mode of passion, he takes birth among those engaged in fruit producing activities; and when one dies in the mode of ignorance, he takes birth in the animal kingdom."
sattvikam nirmalam phalam
rajasas tu phalam duhkham
ajnanam tamasah phalam" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 16)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, The result of pious action is pure and is said to be in the mode of goodness. But action done in the mode of passion results in misery, and action performed in the mode of ignorance results in foolishness."
prakasam cha pravrttim cha
moham eva cha pandava
na dvesti sampravrttani
na nivrttani kanksati" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 22)
gunair yo na vichalyate
guna vartanta ity evam
yo ’vatishthati nengate" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 23)
tulya-nindatma-samstutih" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 24)
gunatitah sa ucyate" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 25)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, he who does not hate illumination, attachment and delusion when they are present or long for them when they disappear; who is unwavering and undisturbed through all these reactions of the material qualities, remaining neutral and transcendental, knowing that the modes alone are active; who is situated in the self and regards alike happiness and distress; who looks upon a lump of earth, a stone and a piece of gold with an equal eye; who is equal toward the desirable and the undesirable; who is steady, situated equally well in praise and blame, honor and dishonor; who treats alike both friend and enemy; and who has renounced all material activities—such a person is said to have transcended the three modes of nature."
"mam cha yo ’vyabhicharena
sa gunan samatityaitan
brahma-bhuyaya kalpate" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 26)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, One who engages in full devotional service, unfailing in all circumstances, at once transcends the modes of material nature and thus comes to the level of Brahman."
"brahmano hi pratishthaham
sasvatasya cha dharmasya
sukhasyaikantikasya cha" (Bhagwat Gita: Chapter Fourteen verse 27)
"Sri Krishna said: O Arjuna, And I am the basis of the impersonal Brahman, which is immortal, imperishable and eternal and is the constitutional position of ultimate happiness."
Jai Shri Krishna